NASA seeks to explore Europa to investigate its habitability, distinguish any ice and water layers, and characterize geology. Ocean Worlds Europa Technologies (OWET) project is investigating a variety of instrument concepts to support NASA’s endeavors in its Europa Lander Mission, the earliest launch date being proposed for the 2020s. Because of its shell, however, a lander can’t dive into Europa’s icy waters to obtain samples. But the lander could sample both the surface and the waters underneath by maneuvering to touch down right beside one of the surface’s open crevasses that have been observed to occasionally spouting water from beneath.
Setting a lander down on Europa could offer an unprecedented look at the composition of the ice on the surface, but more important, it could study molecules in the global liquid ocean where life could exist. Measurements obtained from the moon’s surface and what lies below could allow for direct analysis of the satellite’s chemistry and mineralogy through in situ investigations and measurements that are not possible to achieve remotely.
Currently under investigation within the Game Changing Development Program are concepts to develop an intelligent landing system, control mobility and sensing, create a compact avionics package, and produce low-temperature battery technologies that enable an extended Europa Lander Mission architecture.
|TECHNOLOGY/TASK||PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIST||PROJECT MANAGER|
|OWET: Electronics||Steve Horan||Thomas Cwik|
|OWET: Ultra Low Temperature Batteries||Lee Mason||Thomas Cwik|
|OWET: Ultra Low Temperature and Radiation Hard Electronics||Chuck Taylor||Thomas Cwik|
|OWET: Landing Guidance Navigation and Control||Michelle Munk||Thomas Cwik|
|OWET: Icy Body Mobility||Bob Ambrose||Thomas Cwik|
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