Autonomous Systems (AS)

Autonomous Systems (AS)

The Autonomous Systems (AS) project is developing software, sensors, and other technology to automate the operation of systems that will be needed for future NASA missions. In-flight medical emergencies represent a significant risk for mission failure. The potential for these to compromise crew health and capacity is heightened when considering the unique nature of deep space, long duration missions. The AS project’s portfolio includes a task for Autonomous Medical Operations (AMO) for Exploration.

The Autonomous Systems (AS) team is developing a suite of intelligent system technologies to extend ground support for deep-space exploration. These technologies will enable autonomous operation of future NASA missions. The AS portfolio includes a task for Autonomous Medical Operations (AMO) for Exploration.

Long-duration human spaceflight will require the onboard Chief Medical Officer to handle both routine and emergent care. The objective of AMO is to develop a Medical Decision Support System (MDSS) to enable augmentation of astronauts’ capabilities.

There is a gap between the architecture and the medical decision support software that is available on Earth versus what will be needed for long duration space missions. AMO is developing a system that will help close this gap (technical, capability, and schedule) to enable successful autonomous medical operations.

The system will provide medical support at multiple stages of the clinical workflow (for both planned and emergent care). It will help reduce incidences of medical errors by nonspecialist crew members, as well as mitigate risk of medication errors (accurate dosing, avoid adverse interactions).

The system will integrate data mining, text classification, and reasoning and learning algorithms to support medical autonomy and decision-making for isolated crew members during long-duration exploration missions.

Principal Technologist Project Manager
Rob Ambrose (robert.o.ambrose@nasa.gov) Anupa Bajwa (anupa.r.bajwa@nasa.gov)