Distributed Spacecraft Autonomy (DSA)

Distributed Spacecraft Autonomy (DSA) project seeks to advance NASA’s scalable autonomy capabilities.

Autonomy is an essential technology for multi-spacecraft missions. Autonomy allows spacecraft to decide their next activities, as opposed to having the spacecraft send their status to a control station on the ground and await further instructions. Autonomous decision making is needed for deep-space multi-spacecraft missions. The time delay on the round-trip communications and the amount of data that can be sent make it impractical to follow the classic model of receiving status on the ground then commanding, especially for multiple spacecraft. Autonomous decision-making would allow mutleple spacecraft to share data and make quick decisions together, thus overcoming any latency and bandwidth constraints.

The DSA project will advance command and control methodologies for controlling a swarm of spacecraft as a single entity, demonstrate autonomous coordination between multiple spacecraft in the swarm, and demonstrate approaches for adaptive reconfiguration of the swarm’s plan and distributed decision-making across a swarm of spacecraft.

The project will contribute to the STMD’s Small Space Craft Technology Starling Program’s 2021 mission, which involves four CubeSats that will carry NASA payloads. After this 2021 in-space demonstration, DSA software will then be tested on ground hardware with up to 100 spacecraft. This ground hardware test will validate the scalability of the software.

Principal Technologist Project Manager
Terry Fong (Terry.Fong@nasa.gov) Nick Cramer (Nicholas.B.Cramer@nasa.gov)